International Journal of Cultural and Social Science http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss <p>International Journal of Cultural and Social Science (IJCSS) is an International Journal covering various social science fields, including culture, sociology, communication, politics, and information literacy. All articles submitted in the English language.</p> Pena Cendekia Insani en-US International Journal of Cultural and Social Science 2798-5377 Household Economy, Anxiety During The COVID-19 Pandemic And Economic Activity During The COVID-19 Pandemic http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/365 <p><em>The COVID-19 pandemic has a big impact on people's economic activities where there is an increase in family expenditure; basic needs cannot be met until people do not want to go to public places or facilities such as markets, malls or restaurants. This study was conducted in Medan City in January-August 2021. The number of participants in this study was 1029 families. The results show went to Market for last Month as many as 230 families (22.4%) and did not go to the Market during the last Month, as many as 515 families (50%). Of the 284 families whose family needs were not met, they were less likely to go to the Market during the last Month than as many as 197 families (19.1%). The Medan City Government must provide comfort for the community in carrying out buying and selling activities in public places such as markets, malls and restaurants during the COVID-19 pandemic.</em></p> Fitri Hayati Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-01 2022-06-01 3 2 1 8 Library Strategies In Developing Children's Reading Interest (Case Study Of The Seberang Belawan Fisherman Village Floating Library) http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/366 <p><em>Interest in reading is a strong desire accompanied by one's efforts to read. The purpose of this study was to find out how the strategy for developing children's reading interest in the Floating Library of Seberang Belawan Fisherman Village. The study used a qualitative descriptive approach, using data collection techniques through observation, interviews and documentation. The results of this study indicate that the strategies used by the Floating Library in developing the reading interest of the children of the fishing village are; Learning with floaters, literacy activities, drawing, scholarship selection programs, volunteer development programs, Commemorating major holidays giving gifts in the form of snacks to children after completing activities, this is done so that children are motivated in carrying out the learning process at the Floating Libraries. Obstacles faced by volunteers at the Floating Library are that they only operate for one day a week, the service schedule is less effective to develop interest in reading for children from fishing villages, lack of facilities, isolated areas, lack of volunteer loyalty so that changes in library strategy in developing children's reading interest in The fishing village across Belawan occurred significantly, this is evidenced by the results of data analysis which stated that the increasing number of children participating in the learning program from 2014 was 20 students until now in 2020 there are 60 students in the Floating Library of the Seberang Belawan Fisherman Village.</em></p> Asmaul Husnah Abdul Karim Batubara Anang Anas Azhar Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-06 2022-06-06 3 2 9 15 The Role of the Digital Reading Corner (POCADI) in Fostering Public Interest in Reading in the Reading Corner of the Astaka Pulpit Ex MTQ Merdeka Square, Tebing Tinggi http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/398 <p><em>This study aims to determine the role of POCADI (Digital Reading Corner) in Fostering Community Reading Interest in the Astaka Eqs Mtq Tebing-High Corner Pulpit, the efforts made to foster reading interest and the obstacles experienced by POCADI (digital reading corner).The the method used in this study is a qualitative method using a descriptive approach. A qualitative method with a descriptive approach as a research procedure that produces descriptive data in the form of written or spoken words from the people or behavior observed, while the data collection techniques used in this study were observation, interviews and documentation. The results of this study indicates that the efforts made by the Digital Reading Corner consist of collaborating with schools, improving facilities and infrastructure, promoting and socializing.</em></p> Intan Sari Yusra Dewi Siregar Yusniah Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-10 2022-06-10 3 2 16 22 Library Promotion in State Islamic Institute of Padang Sidimpuan http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/399 <p><em>This study discusses the Promotion Strategy at the UPT Library of the State Islamic Institute (IAIN) Padangsidimpuan. This research method uses a qualitative descriptive approach. By using data collection techniques through interviews, observation and documentation. The informants in this study were the head of the library and the librarian at the Padangsidimpuan State Islamic Institute Library (IAIN) who had been selected by according to researchers to the criteria of the research subject. The results of the study indicate that the library's strategy is to promote the Padangsidimpuan library (IAIN) on social media created by the library by creating a website so that users who access it get information about the Padangsidimpuan library (IAIN). Promotion through other social media with Facebook, Instagram and library promotion activities that contain updated information about the Padangsidimpuan library (IAIN). The library also carries out various activities to promote the Padangsidimpuan library (IAIN) such as webinars, user education and competitions organized by the Padangsidimpuan library (IAIN)</em></p> Cindy Fadilah Nasution Yusra Dewi Siregar Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-10 2022-06-10 3 2 23 28 Strategies Done By The Regional Revenue Management Agency Of Labuhanbatu Selatan Regency In Optimizing Land And Building Tax Receiving http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/400 <p><em>Efforts to receive land and building taxes in South Labuhanbatu are strived to always increase every year, but in practice there are still problems, namely many people who pay less attention to paying taxes, people always wait for the due date to pay taxes, sometimes tax collectors feel difficulty in finding the address of the taxpayer to provide SPPT. This study uses a qualitative approach with data collection techniques through interviews, observations, and documentation, the informants in this study were the head of the section for determination, data management, billing and objections, PBB services, the Head of Control and the people of South Labuhanbatu. Test the validity of the data using triangulation techniques. Data analysis was carried out by data reduction, data presentation, and drawing conclusions. The results of the study show that the strategy carried out by the Regional Revenue Management Agency (PBB) to increase land and building tax revenues is quite good, which has increased for 2 years. Tax payments are made at the Bank of North Sumatra, or other E-commerce on the basis of cooperation, conducting intensive socialization and appeals to villages. The obstacle that hinders increasing PBB revenue in South Labuhanbatu so far is that taxpayers are not in place, and also taxpayers Taxes are always waiting for the due date, lack of awareness of land and building taxpayers, SIMDA applications are often problematic.</em></p> Khairul Abdi Hasibuan Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-13 2022-06-13 3 2 29 33 Strategy for the Development of Electronic Journal Collections (E-Journals) at the Muhammadiyah University of North Sumatra (UMSU) Library http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/401 <p><em>This study aims to determine the strategy for developing e-journal collections at the University of Muhammadiyah Sumatra Utara (UMSU) Library and the role of librarians in developing e-journal collections. This type of research is descriptive research using a qualitative approach. The technique of collecting data in this research is through observation, interviews, and documentation. The data analysis technique of this research uses data reduction, data presentation and conclusion drawing. The results of the study show that the strategy for developing e-journal collections is by coordinating with all academic study programs, collaborating with the National Library through e-resources, collaborating with FPPTMA (Muhammadiyah Aisyiyyah College Library Forum) as well as library socialization on the use of e-journal collections. . Constraints faced in developing the e-journal collection are: budget/funds, HR (Human Resources) and users. The role of the librarian in developing e-journal collections is to provide knowledge on how to access or browse information, promote e-journals through brochures, pamphlets, social media or web news at the UMSU Library and conduct socialization to the entire UMSU campus academic community.</em></p> Nurainun Syahfitri Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-13 2022-06-13 3 2 34 41 Semiotic Analysis Of The Message Of Tolerance In The Film "Ajari Aku Islam" Charles Sanders Pierce Method http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/409 <p><em>This study aims to find out what the meaning of the sign of tolerance and Islamic values ??in the film "Ajari Aku Islam" is. This research is a qualitative descriptive study. Data collection techniques using observation and documentation using the semiotic approach of Charles Sanders Pierce. The author is interested in using this semiotic theory to deepen the working pattern of the triangle meaning described in the Triadic and Trichotomy analysis to answer the formulation of the problem in the research. Pierce's semiotics uses the term representamen as a form of initial sign, then object as a sign reference, and interpretant as meaning. The object of research is the film "Teach Me Islam". This research then produces the meanings of religious tolerance and Islamic values ??which are seen in the film "Ajari Aku Islam". The conclusions of this study include the meaning of religious tolerance which is shown through 4 principles, namely respecting the differences in the beliefs of others, giving freedom in choosing religion, understanding mutual understanding between religions and not looking at physical and psychological differences in socializing. The Islamic values ??in the film "Ajari Aku Islam" include; human relationship with God, human relationship with oneself, human relationship with fellow human beings.</em></p> Masdiana Mhd Syahminan Abdul Rasyid Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-15 2022-06-15 3 2 42 50 Patterns of Using Collections of Periodic Issues by Students at UPT Medan State University Library http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/410 <p><em>Electronic Journal is a term used to describe scientific papers published in digital form that can be accessed using the internet. This study aims to determine the pattern of utilization and inhibiting factors in utilizing the printed and electronic journals of Cambridge and Emerald by users at the UPT Library of the State University of Medan. This type of research is qualitative with a descriptive approach. Data collection techniques used were interviews, observation and documentation, then data analysis techniques used three stages, namely, data reduction, data presentation and conclusion drawing. This research was conducted at the UPT Library of the State University of Medan. The results of this study indicate that in the use of printed and electronic journals, Cambridge and Emerald have been used by users in their daily needs to serve as references in fulfilling lecture assignments, research reports, and seeking the latest information. There are several obstacles faced in utilizing the printed and electronic journals of Cambridge and Emerald such as the internet network, accuracy in determining the subject, electronic journals that were found to be unsubscribed and in English.</em></p> Islamiah Manurung Retno Sayekti Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-16 2022-06-16 3 2 51 59 The Effect Of Extra And Intra-Campus Organizational Communications On Public Speaking Ability Among Students Of The Faculty Of Social Sciences UINSU http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/417 <p><em>This study aims to determine how the influence of organizational communication in extra and intra-campus on students' public speaking skills . The research was conducted using quantitative research methods . The population used were students of the 2018 Stambuk Communication Science Department as many as 361 people at the State Islamic University of North Sumatra (UINSU) Medan , and using a purposive sampling technique , with the slovin formula with an error rate of 10% and the sample being studied was 79 respondents. through the distribution of questionnaires. The results of this study on the t test stated that organizational communication has a t count&gt; T table (97.34 &gt; 1.99125) with a significance level (0.05), then H0 is Rejected and Ha Accepted, meaning that communication extra and intra-campus organization affect the ability of public speaking students.</em></p> Muhamad Fadli Nursapia Harahap Neila Susanti Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-17 2022-06-17 3 2 60 64 Determinants Of Sharia Bank Customer Loyalty In Indonesia: Study Of Literature And Student Response Of Postgraduate Sharia Banking http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/427 <p><em>In an effort to realize customer loyalty to Islamic banks, it is necessary to realize the determinants of customer loyalty of Islamic banks. This study aims to determine what factors determine the loyalty of Islamic bank customers in Indonesia. This research was conducted using qualitative research methods, namely content analysis of papers from the google schoolar database and interviews using in-depth interview techniques. The results showed that the factors that influence the loyalty of Islamic bank customers are action, attitude, attention, corporate image, customer bonding, customer relationship, customer social responsibility, determinants of brand equity, good corporate governance, price, employees, emotional intelligence, intelligence. intellectual, spiritual intelligence, trust, customer satisfaction, commitment, communication, service quality, Islamic service quality, location, customer value, conflict handling, perceived value, product, professionalism, promotion, religiosity, social responsibility and transparency. The results of interviews with Islamic Banking Graduate Students there are other factors that determine customer loyalty, namely bank guarantees and legality.</em></p> Novita Riyati Sukma Andri Soemitra Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-20 2022-06-20 3 2 65 75 Sharia Stock Return Anomalies In Indonesia: Study of Literature And Postgraduate Students' Perspectives http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/430 <p><em>Investment is an activity to invest funds in a company that is carried out by investors within a certain period of time with the expectation of future results. One type of investment in the capital market. However, there are studies which state that there are deviations or anomalies in the concept of efficient markets. This research is a qualitative research by conducting a literature study of 32 papers from a search on the Google Scholar database with the keyword “Abnormal Return” or Anomalies and Return and “Sharia Shares” in the period 2017 to 2021. The search process uses the help of the Publish Or Perish application. Furthemore, the research was conducted by interviewing S2 Syariah Banking students in 2021 at the State Islamic University of North Sumatra. The results of this study indicate that there are several types of return anomalies that occur in Islamic stocks, Firm Anomalies, January Effect, Day of the Week Effect, Accounting Anomalies, Holiday Effect. However, this anomaly of Islamic stock returns does not always occur in Islamic stocks in Indonesia.</em></p> Dinda Clarita Wirani Putri Andri Soemitra Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-23 2022-06-23 3 2 76 87 Library Promotion Strategy in the Covid-19 Pandemic Period at Dinas Perpustakaan dan kearsipan Kabupaten Serdang Bedagai http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/435 <p><em>This study aims to determine the library's strategy in carrying out library promotions during the covid-19 pandemic as well as the obstacles felt by libraries and also how to overcome the obstacles that occur. The method used in this study is a qualitative method using a descriptive approaches. The data collection techniques used in this study were interviews, observations and documentation. The results of this study indicate that the library promotion strategy during the covid-19 pandemic carried out by libraries is by holding library socialization, mobile libraries, promotion through social media, making advertisements, collaborating with other parties and making rewards (gifts). While the obstacles that occur are network limitations and budget funds. The way to overcome the perceived obstacles is the installation of wi-fi.</em></p> Putri Nursanti Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-24 2022-06-24 3 2 88 95 Analysis Of Factors Affecting Interest In Saving In Sharia Banks: Study Of Literature And Perspectives Of Post-Baged Students In Sharia Economy http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/448 <p><em>Research on the factors that influence customer interest in saving in Islamic banks is inseparable from two factors, namely service and product quality. The development of Islamic Banks can be clearly observed that Banks operating by implementing systems based on sharia principles are able to answer the needs desired by customers. The development of Islamic banks itself does not escape the behavior of consumers who believe in the quality and quantity of products offered by banks. Behavior reflects the satisfaction received as a customer to the bank as a place to collect and manage their funds. Consumer behavior is a reflection of the behavior of customers in expressing the feelings received by the services they receive as customers.</em></p> Linda Rosalina Simbolon Andri Soemitra Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-25 2022-06-25 3 2 96 102 Analysis Of Self-Identity Framing Of Cross-Dresser And Cross-Hijabers Followers Through Online Media http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/462 <p><em>This research is entitled "Analysis of Cross-dresser and Cross-hijaber Self Identity Framing reviewed from Online Media". In this study, the author aims to remove negative stereotypes from cross-dressers or cross-hijabers about the issue of crime or crime that develops in the eyes of the community. The next goal is to find out the framing scheme formed on the online media platform Detikcom and find out whether the perpetrators of Cross-dressers or Cross-hijabers are included in the LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender) section and to answer how the framing formed by news portals is seen. from Robert Entmant's scheme. The method used in this study is a qualitative research methodology with the analysis technique of Robert Entmant's framing model which sees four schemes in Robert Entmant's model, namely Define problems, Diagnose cause, Treatment recommendation and Make moral judgment. In simple terms, framing analysis can be presented in two aspects, namely the selection of issues and the particular prominence of an issue. The theory used in this research is Shoemaker and Reese Theory, Framing Analysis and Media Text Analysis. After doing the research, the results obtained from this finding are that the online media platform Detikcom is the only online media that is objective in disclosing cases of Cross-dressers and Cross-hijabers in a neutral manner and is able to issue a statement that adherents of Cross-dressers and Cross-hijabers hijabers are heterosexual and like the same sex. Detikcom is a platform that is able to reveal the identity of the perpetrators of Cross-dressers and Cross-hijabers and is able to interview directly from the actors.</em></p> Nur Halimah Asri Br. Penarik Laila Rohani Nursapia Harahap Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-29 2022-06-29 3 2 103 113 Library Cooperation In Collection Development Effort In Library At State Of Islamic High School Mandailing Natal http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/471 <p><em>This research discusses about Library Cooperation in Efforts to Develop Collections at the Library of the State Islamic High School (STAIN) Mandailing Natal. This study aims to find out how library collaboration is in an effort to develop collections at the State Islamic High School Library (STAIN) Mandailing Natal. This study uses a qualitative descriptive approach. Collecting data using interviews, observation and documentation techniques. Data analysis techniques through three stages, namely, data reduction, presentation and drawing conclusions. The results of this study indicate that 1. The Mandailing Natal STAIN Library in an effort to develop collections has collaborated with several agencies such as the BI Corner, and the National Library of Indonesia. 2. The follow-up to the collaboration between the library and the BI Corner has been well realized, both parties have benefited, the STAIN Mandailing Natal Library has benefited from the collaboration, namely the reading corner and 175 book titles and 215 copies, BI Corner as a means of promotion and socialization to the public about Bank Indonesia. Several electronic journals from the National Library of Indonesia, while the National Library of Indonesia has not received feedback from the STAIN Library. 3. In collaborating, the STAIN Mandailing Natal Library experienced many obstacles, namely in the field of collections that were still limited, facilities and technology were still inadequate and lack of human resources. To minimize the obstacles in the collaboration that will be carried out next, the library has not made any efforts because it is still focused on inputting library materials into slims.</em></p> Fatimah Anang Anas Azhar Franindya Purwaningtyas Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 3 2 114 120 Online Media News Framing In The Case Of The Shooting Of Six Fpi Laskar Members (Framing Analysis In Tempo.Co And Detik.Com) http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/512 <p><em>The alleged unlawful killing of the shooting of six members of the FPI Laskar by members of the police in early December 2020 has become a case that has attracted a lot of attention from various circles. The large number of news stories containing the case prompted the researcher to conduct a study aimed at finding out how the media, especially the online media Tempo.co and Detik.com, framed news related to the case. In this study, the theory used is the theory of social construction of mass media, mass communication, online media, news and framing analysis. The framing analysis technique used is the analysis model of Zhongdang Pan and Gerald M. Kosicki with the objects of analysis being the two news texts of the March and April 2021 editions from Tempo.co and Detik.com, respectively. The results of this study show that the framing done by Tempo.co and Detik.com is different. Tempo.co framed the shootings of six FPI troops at the expense of the police by highlighting information about the slow progress of the investigation, while Detik.com from its framing presents news that places the involvement of the police as important in the investigation of the case.</em></p> Irma Sri Ratu Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 3 2 121 131 Organizational Communication Based on Gender Equality in Newspaper Journalists Alert and Analytical http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/518 <p><em>Gender equality is an issue that is always interesting to discuss, especially in the world of work, for this reason, in this study the author tries to see how to find out gender in organizational communication, namely newspapers and analysis, from the perspective of journalists and journalists. In this study, a person who carries out journalistic activities or a person who searches, writes and compiles news and then publishes it to the media. The world of journalism, in this case journalists, is very synonymous with the work of men, but nowadays it is not uncommon for women to hesitate to become journalists. Because basically each individual, both male and female, has the same opportunity, even though the majority of media or journalistic workers are dominated by men. Therefore, this time the author will raise a problem formulation regarding the perception of Alert news reporters and Analysis of gender news, and how to communicate the Alert and Analyze letter in journalists' and journalists' organizations. The theory in this study uses the theory of feminism and Max Weber's theory of organizational communication, while the method used is a qualitative research method. Informants in this study were journalists, the authors chose 10 journalists in each place, with details of 7 journalists and 3 journalists. Based on news opinion on alert newspapers and analysis on gender, there are differences, where in newspapers gender alert has been applied, while in newspapers regarding gender still needs to be improved.</em></p> M. Ilham Lutfhi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-29 2022-06-29 3 2 132 143 The Role Of Private Practices Of State Islamic University Of North Sumatera In The Dissemination Of Information In The Time Of The Covid-19 Pandemic http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/521 <p><em>This study aims to determine the efforts made by the Public Relations of the State Islamic University of North Sumatra in disseminating information during the Covid-19 pandemic and to find out the strategies and obstacles of the Public Relations of the State Islamic University of North Sumatra in disseminating information during the Covid-19 pandemic. Theories used in this research are information theory, information media theory, Public Relations and dissonance theory. The subjects of this study were the employees of the Head of the Public Relations Division and the Public Relations Executive of the State Islamic University of North Sumatra who managed the dissemination of information. The location of this research was carried out at the Public Relations Bureau of the State Islamic University of North Sumatra starting from July 5, 2021 until its completion. The method used in this research is the Qualitative Method. The analysis technique used is descriptive qualitative. The result of this research is that the role of Public Relations of the State Islamic University of North Sumatra Public Relations of the State Islamic University of North Sumatra has carried out its role well. This role was very clear when the State Islamic University of North Sumatra opened registration for new student candidates. This proves that public interest continues to increase with the information provided by Public Relations. Of course, the role of public relations is supported by the communication strategy used by public relations through social media to disseminate information during the COVID-19 pandemic.</em></p> Lidia Sabrini Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 3 2 144 151 Analysis of Infographic Presentation of Online Media Platforms on Instagram Tirto.id http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/523 <p><em>The high competition between online media in presenting information to the general public causes each online media to be able to provide different information presentations from the others in order to attract the attention of readers. Several innovations must continue to be made in the delivery of news and information packaged in audio and visual or visual formats only. In this study, we describe the differences in the presentation of online media infographics for Instagram Tirto.id and Mojok.co. The research method used is descriptive qualitative, which prioritizes the explanation of words and pictures. The purpose of this study was to determine the characteristics of online media Tirto.id and Mojok.co.</em></p> Nur Halimah Syafira Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 3 2 152 159 The Effect of Library Promotion Through Instagram Social Media on the Utilization of the Medan Stipap Library http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/524 <p><em>This study aims to determine the description of the variables and the effect of promotion through Instagram on library utilization. Instagram is the most influential social media in library promotion because Instagram is easily accessible by anyone and is usually owned by everyone, business entities and certain organizations. The respondents in this research amounted to 76 people. This type of research uses an explanatory research method with a quantitative approach using simple linear analysis and descriptive statistical analysis as a statistical measurement tool with the SPSS version 20 software application. The methods of data collection uses questionnaires and literature study. The results of this research indicate that promotion throught Instagram has an effect on library utilization at the STIPAP Medan Library.</em></p> Widiya Kasih Sidabutar Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 3 2 160 167 Impact Of Dual Banking System On Financial Performance Sharia Bank In Indonesia : Study Of Literature And Perspectives Of Postgraduate Students In Sharia Economy http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/527 <p><em>The economy is one of the many sectors that have a very important role in the life of a country. In the case of Indonesia in the micro economy, banking plays a role as a source of financing, while in the macro (global) economy, banking contributes greatly to economic growth and controlling inflation. Economic growth and banking activities are of course interconnected in such a way that the growth of the banking sector is influenced by the conditions of economic growth itself. About sharia banking, Law Number 21/2008 in its article contains that sharia banking is everything related to sharia business units in sharia banks, including groups/institutions, business activities, as well as ways and processes of running a business based on the principles of sharia banking. -Sharia principles consist of Sharia Commercial Banks (BUS) and Sharia People's Financing Banks (BPRS). With this dual banking system, it is intended that banking institutions can carry out dual operational activities at the same time, namely interest-based banks and non-interest-based banks. Banks that transform their systems with sharia principles will automatically adopt sharia principles in their operational activities. Meanwhile, for banks whose operations are both carried out at the same time, the technical operations are regulated in such a way, especially considering the interaction of interest-based activities, which is different from the concept of Islamic banking, whose activities are free of interest so that the two can, of course, be distinguished. The implementation of the Dual banking system has in indicators of the financial performance of Islamic banks such as CAR, ROA, NPF, FDR, and BOPO to become the focus of this research when the dual system is carried out side by side. Profitability, of course, cannot be ruled out from every business activity that is carried out, including Islamic banking. FDR and ROA are very important financial indicators in bank performance and have a direct impact on the bank's business, including Islamic banks.</em></p> Muhammad Ershad Lubis Andri Soemitra Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 3 2 168 176 Shopee Advertising's Effect On Student Consumption Behavior http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/528 <p><em>"The Effect of Shopee Advertising on Consumptive Behavior of Students at the State Islamic University of North Sumatra," says the title of this study. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of shopee advertising on the consumption behavior of students at the Islamic State University of North Sumatra using the theory of Selective Influence. Data was collected using questionnaires distributed to respondents using a probability sampling method with a simple random sampling technique using the Slovin formula, with a total sample of 100 students from the State Islamic University of North Sumatra. The findings revealed that shopee advertising significantly influenced the purchasing behavior of North Sumatra State Islamic University students, with t count (4,067) greater than t table (1,984), implying that Ha was accepted and Ho was rejected. While the magnitude of the effect based on the study results is 0.144, this means that shopee advertising influences 14.4 percent of the consumption behavior of students at the State Islamic University of North Sumatra, with the remaining 85.6 percent influenced by other factors not examined in this study.</em></p> Hasan Sazali Anang Anas Azhar Ricky Utomo Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 3 2 177 184 Interpersonal Communication With Media Between Child And Parents Living Away From (Qualitative Descriptive Of Media Interpersonal Communication) http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/530 <p><em>This study aims to determine how the process of interpersonal communication with media between children and parents who live far apart in dealing with conflict in Panigoran village, Aek Kuo district, Labuhan Batu Utara Regency, North Sumatra. In this study using the theory of family interpersonal communication and media interpersonal communication. The method used is descriptive qualitative to determine the process of interpersonal communication with media between children and parents. Knowing the causes of conflicts that occur in them and how to resolve them. The data collection technique of this research is to use the method of observation, interviews. The results of this study indicate that conflicts often occur because of differences in desires between children and parents caused by various things, the most common impact is the breakdown of communication between children and parents for several days. In dealing with conflicts, informants usually apologize to their parents or informants and parents talk about things outside the conflict or talk about pleasant things so that the conflicts that occur will disappear by themselves.</em></p> Muhammad Farhanil Mumtaz Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 3 2 185 198 Representation of Social Criticism Regarding Educational Background Discrimination in Korean Drama “HUSH” http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/531 <p><em>This research is entitled Representation of Social Criticism Regarding Educational Background Discrimination in Korean Drama HUSH. The purpose of this study is to describe social criticism regarding discrimination against educational background which is represented in the Korean drama HUSH episode one and episode two based on denotation, connotation, and myth. This study uses several theories such as, Semiotics, Roland Barthes Semiotics Analysis, Social Criticism, Discrimination, Drama as a Media of Representation, Semiotics in Drama Series, Drama as Mass Communication, and Drama as a Medium of Messages. This study uses a semiotic analysis of Roland Barthes which is a two-stage significance, namely denotation, connotation which is divided into markers, signifiers, denotation levels and connotation levels. Based on these findings, there are signs that in the Korean Drama entitled HUSH in episode one and episode two there are social criticisms that still occur in the real world, such as describing someone who is discriminated against indirectly to end up committing suicide, as well as satire against businessmen who having a stereotype that the best university graduates have good qualifications and will produce good performance so that ordinary university graduates are considered less competitive and have low productivity levels.</em></p> Lili Andriani Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 3 2 199 211 Legal Analysis of Errors in Environmental Crime Decisions http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/532 <p><em>This research is motivated by the right that we as living beings who participate in living on earth are obliged to protect and preserve the environment for a long, healthy and prosperous life. Referring to this, if we observe further, the mistakes or actions committed by humans with the capacity to damage or pollute the environment are usually more to cover up what they have done, even though it is clear that actions that are categorized as destructive must be very dangerous and risky for themselves to human beings. another life. The research method used is a normative juridical and sociological juridical research method. normative juridical law research is aimed at written documents sourced from legislation such as: the Criminal Code, Law Number 32 of 2009 concerning Environmental Protection and Management, and the Qur'an, and the Legal Dictionary. While sociological juridical see the law appears in the reality in society, see the effectiveness of the law that is currently in effect providing protection against environmental destruction. The purpose of this research is to find out and analyze the legal arrangements for the elements of error in environmental crimes. To find out and analyze the factors that cause environmental destruction. The results of this study can be used as material for further studies to contribute ideas for the development of criminal law, especially on the element of error in environmental crimes. As for the practical benefits of this research, namely for law enforcement officers in the criminal justice system, this research is expected to provide input for policy makers in the formulation and legislation related to criminal law, especially in the environmental field.</em></p> Maya Puspita Ningrum Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 3 2 212 223 The Concept Of Reading According To The Qur'an Perspective http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/533 <p><em>This study analyzes the concept of reading in the perspective of the Qur'an. This theme was taken to illustrate that reading is very important and becomes a recommendation in Islam. This study focuses on Surah Al-Alaq verses 1-5 with the interpretations that will be used consisting of Tafsir Al-Misbah, Al-Azhar, Ath-Tabari, Ibn Kathir and Al-Maraghi. The objectives in this study include (1) To analyze the basic concept of reading according to the perspective of the Qur'an. (2) To analyze the concept of reading seen from the interpretations of Al-Misbah, Al Azhar, Ath-Tabari, Ibn Kathir and Al-maraghi. (3) To analyze the relevance of the concept of reading with the deepening of library science. This research is a research that uses literature study and content analysis methods. the first step is to conduct a literature study on the interpretations that discuss the concept of reading interest according to the perspective of the Qur'an. The results of this study indicate that the basic concept of reading according to the perspective of the Qur'an lies in the letter Al Alaq, especially verses one and three. different. The relevance of the concept of reading to the deepening of knowledge Library libraries can be interpreted that libraries provide information needs of users, because libraries provide collections that contain reference materials, provide teaching and knowledge as well as a place for learning sources of life. As explained in the verse of the Qur'an that those who are knowledgeable will get protection from Allah and a bounty for His servants.</em></p> Ghalib Muhammad Syukri Al-Ghiffary Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 3 2 224 233 Interpersonal Communication of People Living with HIV and AIDS (PLWHA) at the Medan Plus Foundation, Medan City http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/534 <p><em>The title of this research is Interpersonal Communication of People With HIV and AIDS (PLWHA) at the Medan Plus Foundation, Medan City. The theory used in this research is self-disclosure and Social Penetration. Using a qualitative research approach, in the form of written word descriptions which are the result of observations, interviews and documentation. The informants in this study were 5 PLWHA who were accompanied by the Medan Plus Foundation, Medan City. The results of this study show that interpersonal communication (PLWHA) at the Medan Plus Foundation in Medan is open about personal information that is less personal, such as topics about hobbies, work, opinions, and family to their closest family and friends. While the status as PLWHA, some informants have disclosed and have not disclosed in their interpersonal communication. So that they can still interact with the people around them, earn a living (work), maintain the good name of their family and themselves. Factors that affect self-disclosure of PLWHA are bad stigma about the HIV and AIDS virus, shame, and discrimination. However, PLWHA who have disclosed their status to their family and close friends are more concerned about the benefits than the risks of self-disclosure</em></p> Windi Astuti Rukmana Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 3 2 234 241 Motivational Messages in the Film "Sepatu Dahlan" (SEMIOTICS ANALYSIS of the film “Sepatu Dahlan”) http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/535 <p><em>This study aims to find out how the meaning of motivational message signs and Islamic values ??in the film "Sepatu Dahlan". This research is a qualitative descriptive study. Data collection techniques using observation and documentation with the semiotic approach of Charles Sanders Peirce. Charles' semiotics uses the term representamen as a form of initial sign, then object as a sign reference, and interpretant as meaning. The object of this research is the film "Shoes Dahlan". This study finds the meanings of life motivation and Islamic values ??seen in the film "Sepatu Dahlan". The meanings of motivation contained in this film consist of motivation to be confident, motivation to learn, motivation to work hard, motivation to do good, motivation to work together and motivation to discipline. The Islamic values ??contained in the film "Sepatu Dahlan" include praying behavior, forgiving each other, helping each other by feeding the hungry, filial piety to parents and gentle in speech.</em></p> Riski Patimah Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 3 2 242 259 Feminism In Fair And Lovely Advertising Marriage Version Or S2 (Charles S. Peirce Semiotics Analysis) http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/537 <p><em>This study discusses how the results of the discussion of Feminism in Fair and Lovely Ads version of Marriage or Masters. In this study, the researcher used a descriptive qualitative approach with the method of Semiotic Analysis of Charles Sanders Pierce to get the results that the most powerful thing behind the formation of the ideology of feminism is the life choice of a woman in this advertisement. Women who try to fight for the same rights as men in terms of economy, and also education. In accordance with the living conditions of today's society that women can freely make their choices, women do not always have to be subject to existing rules, as well as in choosing to marry or continue their education. The term semiotics plays a very important role here, for that we need the right combination of the meanings of Sign, Object and Interpretant in Charles Sanders Peirce's Semiotic Analysis to convey the analysis correctly.</em></p> Windy Hamidah Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 3 2 260 273 Framing Analysis Of Reporting Of The National Insights Test Of KPK Employees In Tempo.Co http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/538 <p><em>This research is entitled Framing Analysis of Reporting on National Insight Tests for KPK Employees at Tempo.co. The purpose of this study is to determine Tempo.co's framing of the TWK polemic of KPK employees. The theories used are Social Reality Construction, Shoemaker and Reese Theory, and Framing Analysis. The objects studied are five news articles published on the www.tempo.co website in the period from May 11 to May 26, 2021. The method used in this research is a qualitative method with a constructivism paradigm. The analytical technique used is the framing analysis of the Zhongdang Pan and Gerald M. Kosicki models. The results showed that the syntax of three of the five published news contradicted the results of TWK. The news script has fulfilled the 5W+1H element and tends to highlight the why element. Thematic uses chronological coherence a lot to explain the sequence of events. Rhetorically, four out of five news stories use photos whose date they were taken does not match the date of coverage or statements made by sources in the news.</em></p> Mahmudi Abdul Rasyid Muhammad Alfikri Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 3 2 274 284 The Effect Of Flash Card Media On English Vocabulary Ability In Children http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/542 <p><em>This study is a qualitative descriptive study that aims to determine the effect of flash card media on the ability of English vocabulary in children. The subjects of this study were children aged 5 years. The method used in collecting data is observation. Activities are carried out in several stages, namely; Introducing Flash card games to children, Providing explanations on how to use flash cards, Providing explanations about the vocabulary of words in flashcards, Giving examples of how to pronounce English, Applying flashcard games in the learning process in class to determine children's understanding of flashcard learning and determine who the winner is, and the sustainability of this program by evaluating in applying flashcard learning in class so that the learning becomes better. The results of this study indicate that the flash card media has an influence on the ability of English vocabulary in children.</em></p> Frida Dian Handini Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 3 2 285 288 Representation Of Islamophobia In Film (Roland Barthes Semiotics Analysis Of The Film “Bulan Terbelah Di Langit Amerika) http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/543 <p><em>Bulan terbelah di Langit Amerika is a film that tells about religious issues, namely Islamophobia, which occurred after the collapse of the World Trade Center (WTC) tower on September 11, 2001 in New York. The incident was caused by groups acting on behalf of Muslims by carrying out suicide attacks on Americans. Therefore, Islamophobia in the film The Moon Splits in the Sky America is a very important issue because the American people fear and hate the presence of Islam. This study aims to analyze the signs that represent Islamophobia in the film Bulan Split di Langit America. The method used in this study is a descriptive qualitative method to explain signs or symbols that explain Islamophobia in the film. The subject of the research is the film Moon Split in the Sky America which has a duration of 100 minutes. The theory used to analyze this research is the semiotic analysis of Roland Barthes which consists of the meaning of denotation, connotation and myth. The results of this study found five scenes or scenes that show Islamophobia in the film Bulan Split in the Sky of America. Some of the signs or the meaning of the message include; First, Americans hate and fear Muslims because of the tragedy of the collapse of the World Trade Center. Second, they show attitudes that discriminate against Muslims from dress, religious freedom rights, thuggery and so on. Third, the mass media has a role in providing and shaping the stigma or issues that corner Islam in any news related to acts of terrorism. The film The Moon Split in the Sky of America provides an important lesson for us to respect each other and provide a sense of tolerance between religious communities.</em></p> Syahril Sabirin Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 3 2 289 299 Strategy For Implementation Of The Senayan Library Management System (SLIMS) Automation System At SMK Negeri 1 Stabat http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/544 <p><em>This study discusses the library strategy of SMK Negeri 1 Stabat in the application of SLiMS automation to library services and activities, as well as the obstacles faced in carrying out the SLiMS implementation strategy in the library. This study uses a qualitative method with a descriptive approach. The results showed that the SLiMS implementation strategy in the library of SMK Negeri 1 Stabat had three stages, where the initial stage was the procurement process for the SLiMS system, the implementation stage was the implementation process in the library, and the third stage was the evaluation stage, namely assessing deficiencies in the SLiMS system. The obstacles faced are network, space, and human resources (HR) problems.</em></p> Aulia Mafriza Retno Sayekti Abdi Mubarak Syam Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 3 2 300 309 Analysis Of Kingdom Bedagai Legacy In Dolok Masihul District, Serdang Bedagai Regency http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/545 <p><em>Dolok Masihul formerly had the influence of the Malay Kingdom of Bedagai. This study aims to find out the history of the Bedagai Kingdom in Dolok Masihul District, Serdang Bedagai Regency and its relics, and to find out how the current condition of these relics is. This research was appointed because of the lack of public knowledge about the history of the Bedagai kingdom and the Dolok Masihul government, as well as the lack of public knowledge about the existence of historical heritage buildings from the Bedagai Kingdom in Dolok Masihul. The results of this study indicate that there are 3 heritage buildings that have been successfully analyzed, namely the Jamik Pekan Dolok Masihul Mosque, the tomb (tomb of the imams of the OK Bugis and OK Lobeh mosques, the tomb of the Guru Bahuddin family, the tomb of the Datuk Dolop family, and the tomb that has a unique tombstone) and stilt house (the legacy of Datuk Ulung Syam Barus). These three relics were analyzed to obtain historical facts from the dolok Masihul under the Bedagai Kingdom.</em></p> Fina Fadillah Achiriah Nursapiah Harahap Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 3 2 310 318 Semiotics Analysis Moral Message Of Film “Hichki” http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/546 <p><em>This research is entitled Semiotic Analysis of Hichki's Film Moral Message. This study tells about a woman who has Tourette's syndrome and wants to become a teacher, but is difficult to accept because of a rare disease she suffers from. For five years trying to get into various schools finally paid off, he was accepted at one of the schools where he studied after being rejected five times at that school. However, he was given students who came from underprivileged families, which made him a lot of challenges to stay afloat in the face of the behavior of 14 students in his class. The purpose of this study is to provide meaning through semiotic analysis and moral messages that indirectly affect the audience's thoughts and behavior while watching this film. This study uses a semiotic analysis of Roland Barthes' model with a qualitative approach. The results obtained from this study are that the moral messages contained in the hichki film are persistence, independence, never give up, sincerity, cohesiveness, honesty, and affection which are not only given by the main character but also other characters.</em></p> Nur Luthfiatun Niswah Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 3 2 319 336 The Effect Of Tik Tok Applications On The Imitation Behavior Of Communications Science Students Faculty Of Social Science UINSU http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/547 <p><em>The Tik Tok application is very popular with Indonesian people in various circles, both teenagers, young people, as well as adults. There are also communication science students at the North Sumatra State Islamic University (UIN SU) who are very fond of playing Tik Tok, especially during this pandemic, students study online so there are fewer activities outside the home. To fill their spare time, students mostly play Tik Tok, both Tik Tok which has negative and positive content, such as dancing with various Tik Tok music, to taking part in the challenge of taking off clothes with music. To get a lot of viewers, likes and followers. So that researchers are interested in researching this Tik tok addiction, with the aim of knowing how the influence of the Tik tok application on changes in the imitative behavior of communication science students. The method used by the researcher is a quantitative research method. -Daily there are 31% of the data that has been obtained by student researchers there is a change in their behavior, both in singing songs, doing Tik tok movements every day, and respondents feel that Tik tok movements are common in everyday life.</em></p> Nasoruddin Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 3 2 337 343 Strategy Of PR Communications For The National Narcotics Agency (BNN) Deli Serdang Regency In Socializing The Prevention Program For The Eradication Of Abuse Of Illegal Circulation Of Narcotics (P4GN) Through Social Media http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/548 <p><em>This study uses qualitative methods in collecting the data needed by researchers using interview techniques while in the discussion using descriptive methods that describe the conditions that occur in the field systematically. Informants in this study were the head of the general sub-section of coordinator and public relations as well as people from the BBN community in Deli Serdang Regency. The communication strategy used by BBN in socializing the P4GN program through social media is content providing content through types of content in the form of video posters and various things about P4GN to educate social media followers about healthy living. How to stay away from drugs, how to become a family that has high resilience and also how the village community can shine clean from drugs.</em></p> Abdillah Salam M. Yoserizal Saragih Laila Rohani Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 3 2 344 349 The Effect Of Social Media On Students' Learning Achievement At SMA Negeri 6 Binjai http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/551 <p><em>This study aims to determine the effect of social media on student achievement at SMA Negeri 6 Binjai. The research method used is quantitative method. The sampling technique and population used were students of SMA Negeri 6 Binjai class XII Social Studies Department totaling 33 students from the class of 2021. By using the purposive sampling method, a sample of 33 students was determined from 811 populations. The data usage technique that the author uses is the questionnaire method (questionnaire). And the data analysis techniques used in this research are validity test, reliability test, normality test, multicollinearity test, heteroscedasticity test and simple linear regression test. The researcher used the Statistical Program for Social Science (SPSS) computer program version 21.0 to process the data. Based on the results of the study, it was obtained that t arithmetic &gt; t table or 4,585 &gt; 2.0395 with a significance value of 0.00 &lt; 0.05. From the results of the t test, it was found that Ha was accepted. It can be concluded that there is a significant relationship between social media on student achievement at SMA Negeri 6 Binjai.</em></p> Nirmala Surbakti Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 3 2 350 357 Supervision Based On Performance In SD Harapan II Binjai http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/554 <p><em>The performance or performance of personnel demonstrates dependable human resources. Personnel performance is a description of personnel work that is demonstrated in activities and behavior that refers to the desired process and product as well as the workplace situation. The principal's performance-based supervision is a supervisory activity carried out by superiors to increase the competence of educational staff based on their performance or to increase the effectiveness of the institution in achieving the goals set. Thus, educational human resources who perform at or above the standard set by the institution have the opportunity and the right to receive a response from the institution in accordance with the applicable provisions. This study employs qualitative research methods, with informants including principals, educators, and education staff. The study's findings suggest that an effective supervisory process can improve teacher performance while also achieving organizational goals or the success of school activities. A leader's success will be realized if he treats others or his subordinates well and provides motivation so that they perform well in carrying out their duties. Leadership is the ability to move, motivate, and influence people to take actions aimed at achieving goals by having the courage to make decisions about tasks that must be completed. The principal's supervision of the performance of educators and education staff will be successful if the principal pays attention to the results achieved and treats educators and educators well, allowing them to perform better.</em></p> Winda Novianti Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 3 2 358 365 The Public Service Management of the Medan City Government in Combating Illegal Charges http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/556 <p><em>The practice of illegal levies in the implementation of public services is an act that is very detrimental to various parties, in this case the community and the state are victims. The practice of illegal fees can be prevented by improving the quality of service management based on 3 main principles, namely transparent, accountable, and participatory. This paper will review the efforts of the Medan City Government in eradicating the practice of illegal levies (Pungli) in Medan City. This research is a qualitative research with a descriptive approach to literature study. The data is obtained by taking a public assessment of the quality of service in the public sector in the review column or comments contained in the media or aspiration channels within the Medan City Government including websites, social media channels, and so on. Data analysis was carried out by data reduction, data presentation and drawing conclusions. The results showed that there was a decrease in the number of illegal levies in the public sector of the Medan City Government</em></p> Rizky Saputra Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 3 2 366 370 MC Group Company Image Strategy In The Korean Drama “Graceful Family” http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/557 <p><em>MC Group's Corporate Image Strategy in the Korean Drama Graceful Family. This study aims to see how the strategy is carried out in maintaining the company's image along with its weaknesses and advantages. The theory used is the theory of imaging the wish image. In the data analysis stage, the researcher uses a qualitative methodology and uses content analysis. By using content analysis techniques, the researcher tries to analyze the form of the imaging strategy used as the theoretical basis. Based on the findings on the object of research, the researcher draws conclusions. First, there are several imaging strategies described in the drama, namely, a) Forming public opinion by leading opinion by publishing articles on a regular basis. b) Manipulating the situation by changing the situation from a problem to something that seems normal, c) Negotiating by making an agreement that benefits both parties, d) Conducting a campaign to turn weaknesses into strengths, e) Constructing the image of the leadership by publishing achievements, f) Using the mass media Youtube as a medium for disseminating information, g) Conducting press conferences to straighten out negative public perceptions, g) Holding hearings with other leaders to evaluate company performance, h) Conducting field research before taking action, and i) Approaching emotional towards influential figures. Second, from the strategy carried out, the researcher found the weaknesses of the strategy used, namely, a) The existence of threats and coercion to the public, b) Giving bribes to other people, and c) Illegally extracting someone's personal information. In addition to finding weaknesses, there are several advantages that support the success of the strategy used, namely, a) There is harmony between work and areas of expertise, and b) Having access to reliable information control.</em></p> Rahil Fauzan Muhammad Alfikri Aulia Kamal Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 3 2 371 376 Pujakesuma Organizational Communication In Langkat Regency For Regional Development Optimization http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/558 <p><em>The purpose of this article is to learn how the Pujakesuma organization communicates in order to optimize regional development. The descriptive qualitative method was used in this study. The Langkat Regency Family Association is the subject of this study's research. The findings revealed that the Pujakesuma organization's communication in Langkat Regency was effective in optimizing regional development. One of the efforts to assist the Langkat district government in optimizing regional development is the establishment of good relations with the local government. The Pujakesuma Family Association agreed to continue supporting the Langkat Regency regional development program. Infrastructure, equality, and even human resource development are all examples. Pujakesuma, as a social organization, also intends to establish a tahfiz school in the Langkat district in the future to produce more qualified human resources.</em></p> Fadilla Sri Utami Mhd. Syahminan Indira Fatra Deni P Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 3 2 377 384 Semiotic Analysis of Depression Representation in the Short Film "The Sign" on Nicky K .'s Youtube Channel http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/559 <p><em>As many cases of suicide are caused by depression, researchers are interested in researching what causes depression in a person. This study aims to determine how depression is represented in the short film “The Sign” by Nicky K through John Fiske's semiotic analysis. This film depicts how a child goes through his bad days without anyone caring about the inner pressure he receives. This research uses descriptive qualitative research. The author chose this study because of the lack of public attention related to depression cases around him. The author wants to know how depression is portrayed in this film, through behavior, traits that make it a depressive disorder. Researchers want readers to be more sensitive to cases like this. Therefore, the writer is interested in the title of this research. The results of this study indicate that there is a representation of depression in this short film which is seen from the three levels proposed by John Fiske. There are three levels, namely the level of reality, the level of representation and the level of ideology</em></p> Delvia Fikri Br Tarigan Faisal Riza Suheri Harahap Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 3 2 385 394 Effectiveness Of Teacher And Student Communication In The Learning Process Through Quipper School At Private High School Of Pgri 12 Medan http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/560 <p><em>This research was motivated by the fact that during the Covid-19 pandemic the learning system was shifted online, this was also in accordance with instructions from the government. With the aim of knowing the effectiveness of teacher and student communication during the learning process through Quipper School at SMA PGRI 12 Medan. The theory used in this study is the theory of Uses and Effects. The method used in this research is descriptive qualitative. With data collection techniques, namely interviews, observation and documentation. Then the results obtained from the study showed that teacher and student communication through Quipper School in the learning process was less effective because there were still students who did not understand or understand the learning material provided by the teacher, and there were several obstacles to teacher and student communication in the learning process through Quipper School. so that it can reduce the effectiveness of teacher and student communication in the learning process.</em></p> Ardian Nurul Puspita Hasan Sazali Anang Anas Azhar Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 3 2 395 401 Representation Of Nationalism In Wonderland Indonesia Video Clip (Charles Sanders Pierce Semiotic Analysis) http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/561 <p><em>The phenomenon of the decline of nationalism in Indonesia looks increasingly worrying, especially for the younger generation. This gave birth to the idea of ??Alffy Rev to make one of the video clips for Alffy Rev ft. Novia Bacmid entitled Wonderland Indonesia. The purpose of this study was to determine the representation of the sign of nationalism and to find out the expression of the meaning of nationalism in the Wonderland Indonesia video clip. This study uses a qualitative research method through the semiotic approach of Charles Sanders Peirce, in the form of a triangle theory of meaning; Representement, Object, and Interpretant, to show the sign and meaning of nationalism in the video clip. The result of this research is the message of nationalism in the music video "Wonderland Indonesia" so that the Indonesian people have a sense of commitment to Indonesia, have the courage to defend Indonesia, self-strength not to waver, purity of heart and an unyielding spirit and spirit that never dies. This video clip shows how important it is that no matter how far Indonesian youths go, the spirit of nationalism will always be present as the identity of the Indonesian people who still respect historical events and cultural heritage.</em></p> Risaleh Abie Yasir Syukur Kholil Nabila Yasmin Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 3 2 402 409 Patterns Of Interpersonal Communication Of Otherwise Children And Parents In Maintaining Relationship (Case Study Of Fis Students At The State Islamic University Of North Sumatra) http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/562 <p><em>This research is entitled "Patterns of Interpersonal Communication of Overseas Children and Parents in Maintaining Silaturahmi (Case Study of FIS UIN North Sumatra Students)" with the aim of knowing how the patterns of interpersonal communication of overseas children and parents of students of the Faculty of Social Sciences, State Islamic University of North Sumatra in maintaining friendship. Communication carried out by overseas children and parents of FIS UIN North Sumatra students experience long-distance relationships with differences, communication between overseas children and parents uses media as a communication unit when they live far apart. Then the research method used for this research is field research. The nature of this research is qualitative descriptive with the aim of analyzing the problem based on interpersonal communication patterns of overseas children and parents in maintaining friendship at FIS UIN North Sumatra. The technique of collecting data in this study used by the author is interviews, observation, and documentation. The results of this study are obtained if the communication patterns used by students of the Faculty of Social Sciences, State Islamic University of North Sumatra and their parents are Media Communication Patterns, Consensual Communication Patterns, and Laissez Faire Communication Patterns. It is evident from interviews with 12 people in this study using the pattern. Media Communications because they establish long-distance relationships so that they use the media to establish communication, among the 12 informants in this study there were 8 people using the Consensual Communication Pattern, namely making a harmonious relationship and having openness with fellow individuals in communicating because of frequent communication between overseas children and parents almost every day. </em></p> Khairul Amri Syahrul Abidin Muhammad Faishal Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 3 2 410 416 Representation Of Semiotics Analysis Of Moral Message In The Film “Iqro My Universe” http://pcijournal.org/index.php/ijcss/article/view/563 <p><em>This research is entitled "Representation of the Semiotic Analysis of Moral Messages in the Iqro My Universe Film". The purpose of this study is to analyze the moral messages in the film "Iqro My Universe". The method used in this study is a qualitative descriptive method to explain the moral messages in the film. The research subject is the Iqro My Universe film with a duration of 231 minutes consisting of 80 scenes in total and 7 scenes as objects of analysis. The theory used to analyze this research is the Mass Communication Model, and Semiotic Analysis by Roland Barthes which consists of denotation, connotation, and myth. The results of this study found that in the Iqro My Universe film there are 7 scenes or scenes that contain moral messages. Some of the moral messages that are divided into sub-themes/scene scenes that the researcher chose include, among others; First, every effort we make will never betray the results. Second, the children's family where we come and return. Therefore, family is the most important aspect in our life. Third, don't ever judge someone just from their appearance. Because the eye can only see, feelings can be wrong and negative thinking is a bad attitude that must be eliminated. The film Iqro My Universe teaches us that weak social beings like us cannot be separated from two factors, namely fellow humans and God.</em></p> Cindy Yulvika Hutauruk Abdul Rasyid Sori Monang Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 3 2 417 422